Accountability is connecting commitments to progress in a justifiable and constructive way, as the IAP 2020’s report explains it.
It has four pillars – Commit, Justify, Implement and Progress. Every single one of these pillars must be present – if just one of them is missing, the whole structure falls.
• Commit: all those who have commitments and a responsibility to act should be clear on their roles and obligations towards achieving agreed goals and realizing rights.
• Justify: decisions and actions related to commitments must be supported and explained on the basis of evidence, rights and the rule of law.
• Implement: core accountability functions of Monitor-Review-Remedy-Act should be institutionalized and implemented in a constructive way to facilitate learning and progress
• Progress: continuous progress towards agreed goals and rights should be ensured, justifying any reversals – this is the human rights principle of progressive realization’.
For further details, please refer to the IAP 2020 report